Become a Google Drive File Recovery PRO in minutes.
(This guide is for administrators. You need a Google Workspace Admin account to perform most of the actions recommended here.)
If your company uses Google’s “Loch Ness monster” aka Google Drive, then it’s probably more than just a cloud-based storage and syncing service for you. It’s the spine that holds up your valuable data resources and powers other limbs of your organization.
This can bring in multiple Data loss and Information security concerns (Checkout our 6 Google Drive Data Loss Prevention Practices every CIO Must Know for more).
This simplified guide is here to help admins understand exactly what happened to those files and how to recover them (if possible) ?️
Let’s find that missing Google Drive File!
We’ll start with the most basic Google Drive File Recovery scenarios and build our way up to File recovery PRO ?
Recover a deleted file from the Trash ?️
That’s the easiest most basic scenario. A user moved a file to the trash.
- Visit your Trash folder.
- Right-click on the file you’d like to recover
- Click Restore.
Note: Files stay in the trash for 30 days before being automatically deleted.
If the missing file isn’t in the Trash folder, then it may have been permanently deleted.
Recover Permanently Deleted Files in Google Drive
Did you say ‘Permanently’ deleted? — Is it gone forever? Luckily, no.
The 25 Days Window
Google Workspace Admins can recover permanently deleted Google Drive files and folders within 25 days of deletion from the Trash using the admin console. After that, deleted files are purged from Google’s systems.
Note: Drive data is restored to the user’s Drive folder in the same location.
Using Google Vault?
If your organization uses Google Vault then you may be able to retrieve data older than 25 days (if it was subject to retention rules or holds).
In that case you can export the missing data, however, you can’t directly restore it to the user’s Drive. Read more.
Since files in Shared drives belong to ALL team members rather than a single individual. Even if members leave, files stay exactly where they are for other team members to continue sharing the data.
However, things can sometime get pretty messy there. That’s why you need to pay attention to TWO key factors here:
- File Ownership: When it comes to Drive file recovery, file ownership is a crucial factor. (Checkout our blog: Manage Google Drive File Ownership like a Security PRO for more on that).
- Shared Drive(s) Structure: How you structure your organisation’s Shared Drive is also very important. It’s actually one of the first pillars to a complete Drive DLP strategy.
To recover files from a Shared Drive simply follow these steps.
Depending on users’ access rights, they may be able to remove files stored in shared drives (see screenshot below). That can result in orphaned files (harder to find) which we’ll discuss shortly.
Noting yet? — Check the Google Drive audit log
Not sure if the file was deleted in the first place? Visit the Google Drive audit log and see what you can find there.
This should provide you with information on users’ Drive activity, which may offer some insight on your missing file or folder.
You can also find information there on files automatically deleted by Google Drive or emptied from Trash.
Looking for an easier way to perform deep Drive audits? Use GAT+ to locate files and folders across your entire ‘domain Drive’ and get granular insights beyond the admin console.
Finally, remember that for ‘My Drives’ users can easily check the ‘Drive activity panel’ to find out more on their missing files/ folders, here’s how.
Identify Orphaned Files
Sometimes, when you’ve exhausted all your options, it’s time to consider that it may have been Orphaned.
Orphaned files are homeless files created when someone (who is NOT the file’s OWNER) deletes a shared file or folder in Google Drive.
The file then loses its parent folder, becomes ‘homeless’ and harder to find.
Find and Rehome Orphaned Files
There are 3 Different ways to recover Orphaned Files.
A. Know the file’s name? Search directly using the ”Drive Search”.
- Go to Drive on a computer ? log in with your Google account.
- Go to Search ? search for the file by entering its name. It will appear in the results of the search, even if it’s not in any folder. You can then rehome it to any folder you choose.
B. Don’t know the file’s name? Use parameters in the Drive search.
- Go to Drive on a computer ? log in with your Google account.
- Go to Search ? search for the following special parameters: is: unorganized owner: me (By adding owner: me, only the files that you have created that are not in a folder will come out).
C. Find Orphaned Files Using GAT
GAT+ allows Admins to easily find all orphaned files for any user, group or OU.
Recover Files from a Deleted/Closed Account
Perhaps the file belonged to a deleted or closed Google Workspace account.
When an account that OWNS a Google Drive file is deleted, that file is deleted as well — even if it was shared with other domain users.
Lost important files on a Google account that’s now closed? No problem, simply follow these steps:
File Ownership vs Sharing in Google Drive
Finally, let’s look into why file ownership is a crucial factor to consider when searching for missing files in Google Drive.
Files are bound to their owners, not others whom the file is shared with. Understanding file ownership helps you solve the bigger riddle better by knowing exactly where to look.
A. Ownership: Every file (or folder) a user creates, syncs or uploads ‘They’ automatically become its Owner. As the owner, they can:
- Share it with other people.
- Permanently delete it from Google Drive.
- Control whether people can edit, comment on, or only view the file.
- Transfer ownership to someone else.
B. Sharing: Whenever a file (or folder) is shared in Google Drive, that file (or folder) still remains with the owner (on their google drive).
Now if the owner deletes the file, it will be physically deleted from the drive, and anyone with whom the file is shared will no longer have access to it.
- Delete a file shared with them. Only the owner can delete the file for good.
- Recover a file shared with them that has been deleted by the owner.
What if someone shares a file with another user, that user adds it to their Drive, then later deletes it. Will it still be on their drive? ?
The answer is No. The file is still ‘owned’ by the person who created it. All they did there was reorganise the file in their own Drive, so it can still be found. That’s different from copying or downloading it.
Find Files that contain sensitive information in Google Drive
Using GAT+ an admin can find any document from the domain that contains sensitive data.
This allows you as an admin to perform a search in Google drive for all your domain users in bulk and find files that contain critical data to better manage and secure them.
10 more Ways GAT helps you better manage Google Drive file ownership and sharing ?:
- Replacing current sharing permissions on your Google Drive files.
- Removing all permissions on Google Drive shares with an exception of a single user.
- Find publicly shared Google files.
- Search for Specific File Types in your Google Workspace Domain and Change their ownership in Google Drive.
- Manage files owned by leaving users easily.
- Remove All permissions to all ‘Sensitive’ folders and their sub-folders.
- Understand Google Group activity email and file sharing.
- Remove external shares when files haven’t been accessed for a certain number of days.
- Find and Transfer Ownership of Mp3 Files.
- Detect a Sharing Policy Violation in Google Drive.
Well, That’s it for your 101 guide now. We hope you find it useful ?
If you have any admin-related Google Drive File Recovery question that we didn’t answer in this guide you can send it to our experts at firstname.lastname@example.org— we’ll be happy to help you out.